Home Hair Care Basics Common Hair and Scalp Problems
Common Hair and Scalp ProblemsHair problems and scalp problems are interrelated. Scalp differs from the body skin by having a rich supply of grease and hair follicles. Scalp is affected by harsh shampoos, perms as well as scalp infections. In case of scalp problems, not only the scalp skin becomes affected, but hair too.
Let’s discuss some common hair and scalp problems.
1. Scalp ProblemsMedical shampoos containing selenium sulphide, zinc pyrithione or coaltar decrease the production of scales and remove the dead cells fast.
Lice are the main cause of infection in the scalp. They make the scalp itchy and mess-up the hair. The best remedy for lice is treatment of malathion or gamma benzene hexachloride medications. Or a fine tooth louse comb can be used regularly to remove the lice.
Scalp sheds dead skin everyday as a normal process. Pityrosporum, a tiny yeast is associated with dandruff. There is an increase in the loss of cells in dandruff. As more and more cells are lost, the yeast grows rapidly to produce the flakes of cells known as dandruff.
Eczemaanddermatitis: It is accompanied by the reddening of the skin, irritation and scaling. It is also often associated with an unusually greasy scalp.
Graying of hair is largely determined by our genes. After the age of 50 any population have 50% grey hair. Sometimes premature graying occurs as a result of severe emotional stress, disease or inheritance. The most effective way of dealing with grey hair is coloring it. Choose a good conditioner rich hair dye/coloring agent for the purpose.
We suffer three main types of hair loss - pattern hair loss, diffuse hair loss and alopecia areata. Hair loss at this rate leads to baldness or Alopecia.
The most common type of baldness is male pattern baldness. It depends on two factors, namely the presence of androgens in excess, and a genetic tendency to develop baldness. One out of every 10 men is likely to develop some degree of baldness by the age of 25; by the age of 35, 4 out 10 men show some baldness; and by the age of 50, nearly half of all men become bald.
Diffuse hair loss occurs due to a variety of factors. Any prolonged debilitation like depression, thyroid, viral fevers, malaria, operations, accidents and even child-birth can be followed by diffuse loss of hair. Crash dieting, nutritional deficiencies and anorexia nervosa are all also associated with hair loss.
In alopecia areata, patches of bald spots appear on the scalp. This type of hair loss is often associated with leucoderma and hypothyroidism. It is an inflammatory form of hair loss.
Fungal and bacterial infections on the scalp also induce hair loss.
There are two main remedies for hair loss - you can go for drug therapy or hair transplantation for pattern baldness.
Medications are an easy way to stop hair loss. A hair transplant can also be an effective solution.